• Eye Exams and Treatment Options

    • Ophthalmology Exams | Orlando FL | Winter Park FL

      Regular eye exams are an important tool in maintaining eye and overall body health. Early detection of eye problems allows for better choices of treatment options and a reduced risk of permanent vision loss.

      The Exam

      Lack of symptoms is a poor technique for gauging eye health. Regular eye exams for adults and children are designed to prevent vision loss or poor visual development, respectively. The so called "eyeglasses" exams are only a part of a properly conducted comprehensive eye exam. By having a comprehensive eye exam, that will enable the doctor to detect many chronic ocular and medical conditions, and early detection can lead to more effective treatments and outcomes.

      Comprehensive Eye Examinations

      The most common eye conditions diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam are called refractive errors (see video) which cause blurry vision. These conditions affect millions of people in the United States and often worsen with age. Fortunately, refractive errors can be treated with eyewear, contact lenses, or surgery to allow patients to enjoy clear vision at all distances. An eye exam is different from a vision screening, which only tests visual acuity and is commonly performed by a school nurse, pediatrician or other health care provider. Only a well-trained eye care professional can perform a comprehensive eye exam to evaluate the overall health of the eye.

      During an eye exam, the doctor can evaluate the eyes for conditions such as:

      • Refractive errors e.g. nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism
      • Retinal problems e.g., macular degeneration and diabetes
      • Eye movement disorders
      • Developmental problems
      • Cataracts
      • Dry Eye Syndrome and excessive tearing
      • Glaucoma
      • Lid problems
      • Floaters
      • Medical conditions that cause eye problems e.g. arthritis, lupus, diabetes, thyroid problems, high blood pressure, MS, etc.

      This can be done through a series of direct exam and diagnostic tests performed in the office which may include:

      • Refraction (determination of refractive error or eyeglass prescription)
      • Visual field testing
      • Examination with the biomicroscope
      • Dilation of pupils with drops
      • Glaucoma testing
      • Wave-front aberrometry
      • Corneal topography
      • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
      • Photography of the optic nerve and retina

      Treatment After a Comprehensive Eye Examination

      After completing the comprehensive exam and reaching an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will develop a treatment plan which can include:

        • Observation
        • A prescription for eyewear and/or contact lenses
        • Medication
        • Laser Treatment to lower eye pressure for glaucoma
        • Surgery for glaucoma or cataracts
        • Laser vision correction procedures such as LASIK and PRK have allowed millions of people worldwide to enjoy clear vision and eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses.

          We provide these procedures to improve vision safely and precisely by reshaping the cornea to correct the following refractive errors:

          • Nearsightedness, or myopia
          • Farsightedness, or hyperopia
          • Astigmatism
          • Combined myopia/hyperopia with astigmatism

                     Most patients enjoy 20/20 vision or better after this type of treatment.